Reading for Mrs. Chesar and Mrs. Freeman's Homerooms



Even in 5th grade we are working on our stamina for reading to self.  The kids continue to do a wonderful job and I love watching them turn into fabulous readers!

Week of 10/17/11 - We introduced a new strategy this week - asking questions.  We read a nonfiction piece about Halloween and stopped along the way to write down any questions that we had or words that we didn't know.  We then noticed how, as we read, our questions were answered.  We will practice this with our post-it notes as we read this year.


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Useful Information

3 WAYS TO READ A BOOK:

1. READ THE PICTURES

2. READ THE WORDS

3. REREAD

DO YOU HAVE A GOOD FIT BOOK?

We all are different readers!  Nobody reads exactly the same.  To make sure you have a good fit book do the following:

Make sure it is interesting - if you don't like it then you wont read it.

Pick a page to read and look for words that you can't pronounce or that you do not know.  Use the following guide:

0 -1 word - too easy

2 - 3 words - a good fit book

4-5 words - too hard


COMPREHENSION
STRATEGIES:

CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING - stop after every couple of pages or paragraphs and tell what is going on.  Do you understand it?

BACK-UP AND REREAD - if you do not understand what you are reading then back up and reread it

GOOD FIT BOOK - a good fit book will help to ensure you are able to read and understand what you are reading

USE PICTURES - if a story or text has pictures then use them to help you understand what you are reading

ASK QUESTIONS - if you do not understand something, ask others for help

RETELL THE STORY - summarize the story by retelling it in your own words

PREDICT WHAT WILL HAPPEN NEXT - talk about what you think will happen next by using what you've read and already know

MAKE A PICTURE IN YOUR HEAD - close your eyes and picture what is going on.  It may sound crazy, but trust me - it helps!

USE PRIOR KNOWLEDGE - take what you already know about a subject and use it for what you are reading

READ THE QUESTIONS FIRST - this is especially helpful for non-fiction reading because it allows you to prepare for what you are going to read and what information to be looking for

UNDERLINE OR HI-LIGHT - after you read the questions you can underline or hi-light the answers or what ever you feel is important.  DO NOT UNDERLINE AND HI-LIGHT EVERYTHING!!

FLUENCY STRATEGIES

REREAD ALOUD - by rereading a book aloud, you become more comfortable and a better reader

GOOD FIT BOOK - a good fit book will contain words that you understand and can pronounce making it easier to read

USE PUNCTUATION - this is really important to those really fast readers.  Slow down and pay attention to the punctuation.  Pause at end punctuation, pause at a comma, read with excitement if there is an exclamation (!) mark

USE SIGHT WORDS - you've had sight words since you were in kindergarten so you know what they are.  Practice them at home or even out and about.  Read signs and billboards.  There are always using sight words.


WHAT ARE THE “GENRES”?
Genres are the different categories for reading.   The two main genres are fiction and non-fiction. Fiction means made up, or not true. It has many subcategories. Non-fiction is factual and not fake.
Historical Fiction – a fictional story with real and invented characters that takes place during a historical time
Mystery – a suspenseful story about a puzzling event that is not solved until the end of the story
Fantasy – a story including elements that are impossible such as talking animals or magical powers
Poetry – a verse written to inspire thought
Non-Fiction – all of the information is based on TRUE facts and NOT made up
Autobiography – the story of a real person’s life that is written by that person
Biography – the story of a real person’s life that is written by another person
Realistic Fiction – a story using made-up characters that takes place in modern times and has events that could really happen
Science Fiction – a story that blends futuristic technology with scientific fact and fiction
 
WHAT ARE FIFTH GRADERS READING?
The Harry Potter Series; The Percy Jackson Series; Rick Riordan; The Diary of a Wimpy Kid series; The Lost Hero series; The Dork Diaries; Big Nate
 

LITERARY ELEMENTS


SETTING - the time or place that a story happens


PLOT - the action or sequence of events in a story
  •  INTRODUCTION - the background or setting of a story
  • RISING ACTION - the series of events or problems that lead to the climax of the story
  • CLIMAX - the most important or intense point in the story - the big event!
  • FALLING ACTION - the series of events that lead to the conclusion (ending) of the story
  • SOLUTION, RESOLUTION, OR CONCLUSION - wraps up the points of the story and makes a final statement
CHARACTERS - the people, animals, or creatures that play a role in the story

PROTAGONIST - the main character in the story

ANTAGONIST - the character who is against the main character in a story.  Sometimes called "the bad guy."

THEME - the central meaning of the story - the lesson it teaches

POINT OF VIEW - the position from which a story is told
  • FIRST PERSON - the character recounts his own experiences or impressions, they are telling the story.  The character will say "I" and "me" a lot.
  • THIRD PESON - the story is told by a narrator, or someone who is not in the story.  The narrator will use a lot of names as well as "he" and "she."